The where of freedom

Freedom, wherever it existed as a tangible reality, has always been spatially limited. This is especially clear for the greatest and most elementary of all negative liberties, the freedom of movement; the borders of national territory or the walls of … Continue reading

The consequences of closing down Flint

There are basically two ways which we can deal with any problem which has become a crisis: we can redouble our efforts to fix the problem, or we can abandon the situation—these are roughly the two options which are metaphorized … Continue reading

At the center of it all

One way of thinking about whether or not a territory “makes sense” is to consider how evenly and symmetrically its population is distributed within its borders. A theoretically ideal territory, in this sense, would have a dense node of population … Continue reading

A bridge between the imagined and the real

In poetry and fiction the controlling context is imagistic and metaphoric, and when we attempt to translate its meaning into everyday, practical language we all to often flatten the intricate, multidimensional structure of image, thought, and feeling; by reducing literary … Continue reading

Putting planning back together with politics

Most of these achievements [in early town planning], even the most purely technical, had their roots firmly planted in matters of ideology, which in turn corresponded largely with the beginnings of modern socialism, so much so that the history of … Continue reading